Whither Xi? Whither CCP? Whither China?
China observers in many fields – economics, psychology, philosophy, health care, education, politics, business - agree that there are critical or life-threatening issues for CCP and Xi to address. They differ on the ability of CCP, via Xi, to successfully address the economic, cultural, and political concerns. The era of China as the big dog on the international stage in 2019 does not mask the severity of issues.
I want to touch on several political questions salient in China over the next three years – or ten, or twenty, as long as Xi lasts in power. First, is CCP resilient enough to withstand the pressures of modernization as well as the pressures of Xi? Does Xi have a game plan for reform? Many observers over the years, including senior Party theoreticians, have seen democratic reforms as necessary to future growth and CCP survival. Is that even feasible? Xi has now amassed more power than any leader since Mao, but created much uncertainty within China and around the world. Whither China with and without Xi? Must China come to democracy, or else?